Instructions to authors

  1. Steenstrupia is a scientific bulletin of systematic/evolutionary zoology and zoogeography sponsored by the Zoological Museum, University of Copenhagen (ZMUC). The bulletin primarily serves the publication of articles by staff members and research associates of the ZMUC. Contributions from other authors may be accepted if based substantially on the ZMUC collection (but note 2 (c) below). Manuscripts must be written in English.
  2. (a) Preferred systematic articles are revisions or monographs of species groups, genera or higher categories as well as supplements to previous works of this category. "Faunas", i.e., surveys of the representatives of an animal group known to occur within a restricted region, may also be considered for publication, particularly in groups with a mature taxonomy; such treatments should normally contain identification keys, but full descriptive/synonymic treatment is often unnecessary. Other kinds of works within the scope of the series include catalogues, checklists, morphological and/or biological studies with obvious bearing on systematics, descriptions and analysis of infraspecific variation, classifications, descriptive and theoretical zoogeography as well as systematic-historical studies.
    (b) Descriptions of new taxa outside the framework of a revisionary treatment, in groups where a usable revision is not already available, may be acceptable in cases where the new taxa are of exceptional interest. In such cases special demands must be made for the discussion offered (see 12 below).
    (c) Articles based on material from the collections of ZMUC alone, or from a single ZMUC-based expedition, may be accepted where the material in question is of exceptional interest. In most cases, however, ZMUC-material can more appropriately be published in connection with revisions or faunas based on all available relevant collections. Whether such articles, if authored by non-staff members of the ZMUC, are publishable in Steenstrupia depends on the dominance of ZMUC material. Authors are free to publish ZMUC material elsewhere.
  3. Manuscripts submitted to Steenstrupia are considered by the editor-in-chief, at least one other member of the editorial committee and one or more external referee(s). The final responsibility for acceptance rests with the editor-in-chief. Authors will usually be notified about acceptance, necessary revision, or rejection within 6 weeks.
  4. Authors with a native language other than English are requested to have manuscripts linguistically revised prior to submission. Manuscripts should be submitted as clean copies, typed double spaced and with 3 cm left margins. Illustrations should be submitted in a definitive state, mounted and fully labelled. Submit the original plus one copy of text and illustrations. Authors intending to submit their MS on a floppy disk should contact the editor.
  5. The title should be carefully considered! Preferably it should be brief, yet cover all main topics treated in the article. Provide names (in brackets) of 1 - 3 successively "descending" categories to which the taxon treated belongs, e.g. (Pisces, Ceratioidei) or (Insecta, Diptera, Muscidae).
  6. The abstract must be brief, yet sufficiently detailed to permit an adequate assessment of the work and its main results. Reference should be made to all new taxa, new synonyms and new combinations, as well as to lectotype and neotype designations. Literature references (other than author, year citation in connection with mentioned taxa) should be avoided in the abstract. Key words should be given on a separate line below the abstract.
  7. A table of contents must be provided in the case of longer articles; it is printed immediately below the abstract.
  8. The organization of the text proper cannot be completely standardized in all kinds of articles, but style and format should, of course, be consistent within each paper. Volume 23 (1997) may be consulted for specific examples. Usually a maximum of four categories of headings are employed, the most subordinate starting an ordinary text line. All headings start "flush left". All scientific generic and specific names should be written in italics.
  9. The introduction should be sufficiently informative to arouse the interest of readers outside the most narrow circle of the author's co-specialists! Thus, in addition to the necessary account of the scope of the work relative to existing knowledge, the section should preferably include a brief presentation of the animals treated ("what they are and what they do").
  10. Nomenclature must be treated in accordance with the current version of the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature. The full scientific name, including author and year of description, must be provided once for all animal species mentioned; deviation from this principle is acceptable only in the case of higher vertebrates.
  11. Treatment of names and synonyms may be presented in slightly different formats; here again consistency within any given paper is required. In revisionary treatments every generic name should be accompanied by 1) reference to original description, 2) type-species and manner of designation, and 3) synonyms (same information as with valid name). For each species, mention should be made of 1) valid combination, 2) original combination with reference to original description and information about primary type material, and 3) synonyms (same information as with valid name). Remember abbreviations such as sp.n., syn.n., comb.n., stat.rev., etc. where appropriate. A list of synonyms given in another recent and easily accessible work should not be repeated; it is then sufficient to refer to this work and to provide any necessary additions or corrections.

    One example of arrangement:

    X-us Brown, 1768

    X-us Brown, 1768: 000. Type-species: Y-us viridis Linnaeus, 1758, by subsequent designation by Green (1912: 000).

    Z-us Dupont, 1802: 0000. Type species: Z-us flavis Dupont, 1802, by monotypy (synonymized by Jensen, 1922: 00).

    V-us Jönsson, 1972: 000. Type species: Y-us flavipes Lund, 1782, by original designation. Syn.n.

    X-us albus (Brown, 1768)

    Y-us albus Brown, 1768: 000. Lectotype M, AUSTRIA, Innsbruck (NHMW), designated by White (1922: 00) (examined).

    Z-us pellucidus Schnabelschuh, 1908: 000. Lectotype M, SWITZERLAND, Geneve 12.VII.1908 (MHNG), here designated (examined). Syn.n.

    X-us albus; Jensen 1966: 000 (synonymy).

    X-us pallidus Smith, 1969: 000. Holotype F, AUSTRIA, Salzburg (ZSBS) (not examined) (synonymized by Black, 1973: 000).

    X-us palliphis Godot, 1972: 000. Holotype M, ITALY, Bolzano (MNHP) (examined). Syn.n.

    In the above example it is supposed that all works containing original descriptions are given in the list of references; it is often sufficient to give them in abbreviated form in the synonymy.


    X-us magnus (Hanson, 1887) comb.n.

    Z-us magnus Hanson, 1887: Z.wiss.Zool., 00: 000. Syntypes M&F, FRANCE, Marseille (lost).

  12. It is a recurrent experience that the discussion sections ("Comparative remarks" or the like) accompanying descriptions of new taxa outside proper revisionary treatments are quite inadequate. Preferably the new taxa should be fitted into an identification key (preexisting or made for the purpose). If no key is available very special demands must be made for the discussion: It is commonplace to find statements like "the new taxon X is most closely related to (or "most similar to") taxon Y, but differs from the latter through ....". This is insufficient! Mention must also be made of the character/character combination which separates X + Y from all other members of the group.
  13. List of material ("Material" or "Material examined") should be carefully considered. As far as possible, give the relevant information in a condensed style and leave extensive enumerations of full labal data of individual specimens or samples on a "list to be deposited ...". Where publication of detailed specimen data is truly needed, the following arrangement is preferred: COUNTRY or BODY OF WATER, province, locality and/or longitude/latitude, altitude or depth, habitat, collecting year, date, collector (Collection acronym, catalogue numbers if any). Geographical names should be given in their current English form and all names used should be traceable in a modern international atlas such as "Times" (Comprehensive Edn.). Where verbatim quotations from labels are desirable (primarily in the case of primary types) necessary additions to outdated or inadequate geographical names should be given in square brackets [].
  14. References. In the main text "author (year)" and "(author year)" references are employed. In the list of references complete bibliographical references are given. Serial titles are preferably abbreviated according to "World List", but in any case the same system of abbreviations should be consistently used.


    Brown, J.A. & Green, N.B., 19XX: Title. - J.Zool. XX: 000-000.

    Green, H.B., 19XX: Book Title, Publisher, Town, 000 pp.

    Green, J.A., 19XX: Title. - Pp. 000-000 in Brown J.A. & White, M.H. (eds.) Book Title, Publisher, Town, 000 pp.

  15. Tables and figure legends should be typed on separate sheets. Make sure that all figures and tables are referred to within the main text.
  16. In planning tables and figures, due consideration should be paid to the size of the printed page (192 x 141.5 mm, width of single column 67.5 mm). Approximate position of figures and tables should be indicated in the manuscript margins.
  17. Illustrations play a major role in most types of articles published in Steenstrupia and must be of high quality.

    In most cases indications of size-scales are appropriate, preferably by use of bars on the figures themselves.

    Line drawings in ink may conveniently be made in about 3/2 final size, i.e. a figure or group of figures planned to take up one page in Steenstrupia may be mounted on an A4 sheet of cardboard; it is normally a waste of efforts to prepare larger drawings and these are cumbersome to handle for authors and editors alike. Do not assume that drawing defects will disappear during the reduction and reproduction procedure; remove flaws from the original! Contours should thus be fully closed and shaky lines made smooth by the use of white paint and/or an eraser. Use letraset or the like for signatures on diagrams, maps, etc. When mounting figures on cardboard sheets be sure that the figures will fill out the printed page in a "balanced" manner. Letraset numerals and letters should be placed with great care. Do obtain qualified technical assistance if your own skills are not fully adequate!

    Photographs should be trimmed at right angles and mounted on cardboard sheets for 1:1 reproduction. Make sure that printing of the negatives was optimal and that disturbing details in the background or periphery are removed as far as possible. Make good use of letraset arrows or the like for indications. Letraset labelling should be securely affixed and each plate preferably protected by an overlay (tracing paper or the like). Regular 2 mm spaces between individual pictures are made by the printers; be sure that important details (such as a figure number or the end of a scale line) are not placed so close to the margin that they will be cut during this procedure.

  18. Authors receive galley proofs of their papers. Reprints in excess of 50 free copies should be ordered with the return of proofs.